What are Antibiotics?

Antibiotics - Printed Diagnosis with Blurred Text. On Background of Medicaments Composition - Red Pills, Injections and Syringe.

Antibiotics were first discovered in 1928 by Alexander Fleming. The drugs is well known for treating bacterial infections. A common misconception is that you can treat things such as the common cold and the flu with antibiotics, but this is not the case. These conditions are a virus and not a bacteria and therefore cannot be treated this way.

Our bodies can fight a lot of infections on their own, and antibiotics are only required in specific circumstances, for example if it is unlikely that it won’t clear up on its own or that you could infect somebody else before you are cured. You can take antibiotics in several ways including in a tablet, in the form of a cream and also as an injection. The pill form is most commonly administered.

Though penicillin was the first antibiotic to b invented, there are actually many types available including cephalosporins, tetracyclines and fluoroquinolones. You must speak to your doctor before taking antibiotics and they might interfere with other drugs, and you should also avoid alcohol when taking them.

One of the big problems facing the medical industry at the moment is a resistance to antibiotics. At the moment the main way to try and stem this problem is by reducing the amount of the medicine which is given to the public. This is why doctors will only prescribe it for cases which they think are really necessary. Because of what professionals consider the over use of the drugs many strains have become somewhat resistant to the antibiotics and has led to the rise in diseases such as the superbug MRSA.

There is also concern that new strains of bacteria will develop which are totally resistant to the drugs. Governments are being urged to fund the development of new aantibioticsto stop this becoming a serious global health issue.